Dr. Olav Rueppell (Biology) received new funding from the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) for the project “Visiting Research Professorship at the Peace & Stability Operation Institute.” Honey bee viruses are a serious threat to honey bee health. We lack understanding of their dynamics within honey bees and transmission across generations, as well as the immune responses to them, the abstract states. This work has two aims to contribute knowledge in these areas: 1. Characterization of the transcriptome of virus-infected honey bee eggs. 2. Develop a method to repeatedly sample from honey bee queens to follow viral infections and investigate whether queens can recover from viral infections.